The Daily Mail reports:
When a huge star many times the mass of the sun comes to the end of its life it collapses in on itself and forms a singularity – creating a black hole where gravity is so strong that not even light itself can escape.
At least, that’s what we thought.
A scientist has sensationally said that it is impossible for black holes to exist – and she even has mathematical proof to back up her claims.
If true, her research could force physicists to scrap their theories of how the universe began.
The research was conducted by Professor Laura Mersini-Houghton from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in the College of Arts and Scientists.
She claims that as a star dies, it releases a type of radiation known as Hawking radiation – predicted by Professor Stephen Hawking.
One of the biggest unanswered questions about black holes is the so-called information paradox.
Under current theories for black holes it is thought that nothing can escape from the event horizon around a black hole – not even light itself.
Inside the black hole is thought to be a singularity where matter is crushed to an infinitesimally small point as predicted by Einstein’s theory of gravity.
However, a fundamental law of quantum theory states that no information from the universe can ever disappear.
This creates a paradox; how can a black hole make matter and information ‘disappear’?
Professor Mersini-Houghton’s new theory manages to explain why this might be so – namely because black holes as we know them cannot exist.
However in this process, Professor Mersini-Houghton believes the star also sheds mass, so much so that it no longer has the density to become a black hole.
Before the black hole can form, she said, the dying star swells and explodes.
The singularity as predicted never forms, and neither does the event horizon – the boundary of the black hole where not even light can escape.
‘I’m still not over the shock,’ said Professor Mersini-Houghton.
‘We’ve been studying this problem for a more than 50 years and this solution gives us a lot to think about.’
Experimental evidence may one day provide physical proof as to whether or not black holes exist in the universe.
But for now, Mersini-Houghton says the mathematics are conclusive.
Mersini-Houghton gave an interview to the Institute of Art and Ideas in London on this subject recently.
The impossibility of a boundary or “event horizon” to a black hole was proven mathematically a while ago by physicist Stephen Crothers.
Here’s a dispute between Crothers and Dr. Christian Corda on this topic that took place back in 2011. Corda, Editor-in-Chief of The Open Astronomy Journal, had this to say about the black hole back then:
Again Steve, I suggest you change your way of proceed. I think that you are surely a talented researcher within gravitational physics, I agree with you that black-holes do not exist, but nobody will follow you if you insist to claim that not only the present community of gravitational physicists, but also the same Einstein, Schwarzschild, Hilbert, etc., i,e. the Founders Fathers of General Relativity, were wrong and the only correct person is Steve Crothers. in particular, be sure that I will NEVER follow you.
Even the scientists who claim black holes exist don’t believe their own fairy tale. They perpetuate the myth because it is part of a religious system. Religion is founded on faith, and in this case that faith is rooted in mathematical models. But like all religions, the Church of Mainstream Science has priests who don’t believe what they themselves are a preaching.
Still, it’s nice to see this myth being denounced more openly today.